Les publications de la Chaire

Emissions de CO2 : quelles tendances dans l’UE ?

2022
Auteurs :
Ariane Bousquet, Aurélien Bigo, Bruno Lapillonne et Laura Sudries

L’Union Européenne s’est fixée des objectifs de décarbonation ambitieux aux horizons 2030 et 2050. Alors que le secteur des transports est le seul qui a augmenté ses émissions depuis 1990, il est crucial de comprendre ce qui explique l’évolution de ses émissions de CO2, afin de mieux saisir sur quels leviers compter pour accélérer...

Désindustrialisation, Europe et transition climatique

2022
Auteurs :
Jacques Mazier

Le constat du déclin français et de la désindustrialisation est assez largement partagé, même si l’économie française ne s’est pas effondrée. La transition climatique constitue un défi supplémentaire en créant un choc négatif et un besoin de financement de grande ampleur. Quelles sont les trajectoires envisageables en France et dans l’UE ?

Financing green mobility Is it enough and where does it go?

2022
Auteurs :
Jean-Pierre Ponssard

On Dec 9-10, 2021, the annual International Conference on Mobility Challenges provided an outstanding opportunity to bring together researchers, industry experts and policy makers to discuss these issues. This note gives a summary of the debate.

Why local initiatives for the energy transition should coordinate. The case of cities for fuel cell buses in Europe

2022
Auteurs :
Guy Meunier, Lucie Moulin, Jean-Pierre Ponssard

Article accepté dans la Revue d’Economie Industrielle La filière hydrogène est une alternative possible au moteur thermique, aux côtés des véhicules à batterie, dans...  

The climate consistency goal and the transformation of global finance

2021
Auteurs :
Luis H. Zamarioli, Pieter Pauw, Michael König and Hugues Chenet

In this article, we build on four methods to show that Art. 2.1(c) of the Paris Agreement comprises a new meaning of ‘finance’ under the United Nations negotiations. Implementation of Art. 2.1(c) requires engagement by governments and non-state actors, including the financial sector. 

Heterogenous effects of rural electrification on child labor in Nigeria

2022
Auteurs :
Claire Salmon and Jeremy Tanguy

This paper investigate in particular how child labor varies depending on the nature of electricity supply and the electrical appliances used in the household. We find that the employment probability of children from electrified households is lower than that of children living in non-electrified households only when the household combines grid access and a generator as sources...

An assessment of the European regulation on battery recycling for electric vehicles

2021
Auteurs :
Quentin Hoarau et Etienne Lorang

This paper investigates the design of a recent regulatory proposal aimed at favoring the emergence of a
battery recycling industry in Europe. It develops a material flow model that projects battery wastes and their recycling potential. Our findings indicate that the feasibility of the European Commission proposed thresholds is not very sensitive to changes of material intensities...

Coordination of sectoral climate policies and life-cycle emissions

2022
Auteurs :
Quentin Hoarau and Guy Meunier

The present paper addresses the issue of sectoral policy coordination, especially when Pigovian carbon pricing is unavailable. It analyzes the optimal allocation of mitigation effort among two vertically connected sectors, an upstream (e.g. electricity) and a downstream (e.g. transportation) one.

Technology Neutral vs. Technology Specific Procurement

2021
Auteurs :
Juan-Pablo Montero and Natalia Fabra

An imperfectly-informed regulator needs to procure multiple units of some good that can be produced with heterogeneous technologies at various costs. How should it optimally procure these units? We find that one size does not fit all: the preferred instrument depends on the costs of the available technologies, their degree of substitutability, the extent of information asymmetry,...

Extending the limits of the abatement cost

2021
Auteurs :
Guy Meunier, Jean-Pierre Ponssard

The paper examines the relevant cost benefit framework for state agencies investigating the potential of local projects to mitigate climate change. We propose a new metric that incorporates into the analytical framework the dynamic interactions between the project and its continuation.