Interconnected systems are prone to propagation of disturbances, which can undermine their resilience to external perturbations. Propagation dynamics can clearly be affected by potential time delays in the underlying processes. We investigate how such delays influence the resilience of production networks facing disruption of supply.
This thesis’ goal is to study the influence of New Classical economists on macroeconomics in the 1970s, by appealing to an historiographical framework which puts at the heart the role played by the stagflation, and by confronting the results of this work to the standard narrative.
The goal of this paper is to propose and test stochastic differential equations for Goodwin’s model and one of its extension by using an estimation technique based on simulated maximum likelihood developed by Durham and Gallant (2002)
The Chair Energy and Prosperity Organized its thirs Workshop on Sustainable Mobility on November 9-10. You can download in this article the workshop’s summary and all the speakers’ presentations.
The article studies the 1978 macroeconomics conference titled “After the Phillips Curve”, where Lucas and Sargent presented their fierce attack against structural macroeconometric models, “After Keynesian Macroeconomics”. It aims at enlarging the comprehension of changes in macroeconomics in the 1970s.
Output-based allocations (OBAs) are typically used in emission trading schemes to mitigate leakage in sectors at risk. Recent work has shown they may also help to stabilize prices in markets subject to supply and demand shocks. We extend previous work to simultaneously include both leakage and volatility.
The paper studies pollution permit markets in which a fraction of permits are allocated to firms based on their output. Output-based allocations, which are receiving increasing attention in the design of carbon markets around the world are shown to be optimal under demand and supply volatility despite the output distortions they may create.
We examine to which extent the Keen model (Keen 1995) is a faithful modelling of Minsky’s Finance. We conclude that the Keen crisis has few Minskian flavours.
The consumption of mineral resources and energy has increased exponentially over the last 100 years. Further growth is expected until at least the middle of the 21st century. In order to meet this demand, more metals will have to be produced by 2050 than over the last 100 years, which raises questions about the sustainability and conditions of supply.
Realised with Jean-Pierre Ponssard, this “Cahier de l’ILB” is dedicated to sustainable mobility. It deals with various subjects : how driving restrictions affect urban pollution, carbon footprint of motor vehicles in the United States, hydrogen vehicles, the importance of strong regulation to reap the full benefits of innovation in mobility.