Publications of the Chair

Energy capture, technological change, and economic growth: an evolutionary perspective

2018
Authors :
Victor Court

The purpose of this article is to reformulate a clear and in-depth state of knowledge provided by a thermo-evolutionary perspective of the economic system. It is shown that during the entire human history, energy has been central to direct the successive phases of technological change and economic development.

Potential Impediments to Long-Term and Low-Carbon Investment: The International Accounting Standards at Stake

2018
Authors :
Samira Demaria et Sandra Rigot

The paper shows that International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) can affect long-term asset allocation of banks and insurance companies. International accounting standards do not differentiate between low and carbon intensive investment and do not take into account climate risks beforehand.

Optimal Policy and Network Effects for the Deployment of Zero Emission Vehicles

2018
Authors :
Guy Meunier, Jean-Pierre Ponssard

This working paper analyzes the impact of indirect network effects in the deployment of zero emission vehicles in a static partial equilibrium model.

Time-consistent stopping under decreasing impatience

2018
Authors :
Yu-Jui Huang, Adrien Nguyen Huu.

Under non-exponential discounting, we develop a dynamic theory for stopping problems in continuous time. Our framework covers discount functions that induce decreasing impatience. Due to the inherent time inconsistency, we look for equilibrium stopping policies, formulated as fixed points of an operator. Under appropriate conditions, fixed-point iterations converge to equilibrium stopping policies.

National Carbon Reduction Commitments: Identifying the Most Consensual Burden Sharing

2017
Authors :
Gaël Giraud, Hadrien Lantremange, Emeric Nicolas, Olivier Rech

How could the burden of GHG emission reduction be shared among countries? The article address this arguably basic question by purely statistical methods that do not rely on any normative judgment about the criteria according to which it should be answered.

Economic networks: Heterogeneity-induced vulnerability and loss of synchronization

2017
Authors :
Michaël Ghil, Celian Colon

Interconnected systems are prone to propagation of disturbances, which can undermine their resilience to external perturbations. Propagation dynamics can clearly be affected by potential time delays in the underlying processes. We investigate how such delays influence the resilience of production networks facing disruption of supply.

Macroéconomistes and the stagflation – Essays on macroeconomy’s transformation in the 1970’s

2017
Authors :
Aurélien Goutsmedt

This thesis' goal is to study the influence of New Classical economists on macroeconomics in the 1970s, by appealing to an historiographical framework which puts at the heart the role played by the stagflation, and by confronting the results of this work to the standard narrative.

Stagflation and the crossroad in macroeconomics: the struggle between structural and New Classical macroeconometrics

Authors :
Aurélien Goutsmedt

The article studies the 1978 macroeconomics conference titled “After the Phillips Curve”, where Lucas and Sargent presented their fierce attack against structural macroeconometric models, “After Keynesian Macroeconomics”. It aims at enlarging the comprehension of changes in macroeconomics in the 1970s.

Using Output-Based Allocations to Manage Volatility and Leakage in Pollution Markets

2017
Authors :
Guy Meunier, Juan-Pablo Montero and Jean-Pierre Ponssard

Output-based allocations (OBAs) are typically used in emission trading schemes to mitigate leakage in sectors at risk. Recent work has shown they may also help to stabilize prices in markets subject to supply and demand shocks. We extend previous work to simultaneously include both leakage and volatility.

Output-based allocations in pollution markets with uncertainty and self-selection

2017
Authors :
Guy Meunier, Juan-Pablo Montero, Jean-Pierre Ponssard.

The paper studies pollution permit markets in which a fraction of permits are allocated to firms based on their output. Output-based allocations, which are receiving increasing attention in the design of carbon markets around the world are shown to be optimal under demand and supply volatility despite the output distortions they may create.