Access to Energy is a primary challenge for developing countries. Insufficient infrastructure and production capacity, poor reliability, low access for the poor and rural areas are a few of the issues to be addressed. Households in developing countries still lack access to modern energy services that are affordable, clean, reliable, and safe, and pay high prices for poor-quality substitutes. However, there are major differences across the regions. Apart from a few large oil-producing countries, sub-Saharan countries on the whole do not have access to substantial domestic fossil fuel energy reserves and rely on imports for a large share of its current energy needs. This situation entrenches poverty, constrains delivery of local services, increases vulnerability to climate change, limits expansion of opportunities, erodes environmental sustainability at the local, national, and global levels, and creates negative impacts on human capital. The aim of our research agenda is to produce a set of knowledge useful to address these current challenges. Such knowledge, grounded on rigorous micro-level empirical and theoretical analysis, will help designing appropriate policy options, business models and regulatory environment. This should take into account take the realm of emerging and developing world in order for energy to produce its expected benefits for the large segment of currently excluded populations in these countries.
The axis evolves around three core research topics
Coordination: Ahmed Tritah (Le Mans Université, Mines ParisTech)
Researchers: Akil Amiraly (Ecole Polytechnique), Geoffrey Barrows (Ecole Polytechnique), Nicolas Mottis (Ecole Polytechnique), Jean-Pierre Ponssard (Ecole Polytechnique), Maria Eugenia Sanin (Université d’Evry and Inter-American Development Bank), Johanna Choumert-Nkolo (EDI Global), Jeremy Tanguy (Université de Savoie Mont-Blanc).
Doctoral students: Gwen-Jiro Clochard (Ecole Polytechnique), Nicolas Plain (Université de Grenoble), Maryeme Kettani (CEA)
This axis is developed in collaboration with the Climate Economics Chair
This paper investigates a case in which, on paper, the green lights were everywhere. Yet after more than 10 years of existence, the program remains in a stalemate status.The paper identifies three main organiszational barriers.
This paper examines the cost competitiveness of an extra-large-scale (275,000 m3/d) solar-powered desalination, taking as a case study the Chtouka Ait Baha plant in Morocco.
Find the program and the report of the international conference "Energy to Empower Emerging Africa" held in Morocco on 5 and 6 March 2020.
Pioneer investigations of the economic consequences of ethnic diversity – a ubiquitous feature of African societies – found a strong and negative correlation. The...
Is electricity a vehicle of children and women empowerment in poor rural areas of the developing world? In this paper we approach the question...
After discussing the weaknesses of the aggregated statistical approach to estimate economic damage, we conclude that, if these functions cannot reasonably be trusted for such a large cooling, they should not be considered to provide relevant information on potential damage in the case of a warming of similar magnitude, as projected in the case...