The energy transition is a key feature of the ecological transition. However, challenges differ in developing and developed countries.
For developing countries, the main issue is access to cheap, clean, reliable and safe energy. Inadequate energy access impedes the delivery of local education and health services, hinders business development, increases vulnerability to climate change and entrenches the poverty trap.
For developing countries, the challenges of the energy transition relate more to achieving energy independence through the diversification of energy sources and supplies.
Research conducted by members of the Energy and Prosperity Chair also aims to provide a better understanding of the drivers of an energy transition that reconciles economic and ecological performance with social justice.
The axis evolves around three core research topics:
Ahmed Tritah (Poitiers University, Mines ParisTech), Raphaël Soubeyran (INRAE, CEE-M).
Akil Amiraly (Ecole Polytechnique), Johanna Choumert-Nkolo (EDI Global), Marie Hélène Hubert (Rennes University, CREM), Jean-Pierre Ponssard (CNRS, CREST), María Eugenia Sanin (Evry University – University Paris-Saclay), Jeremy Tanguy (Université de Savoie Mont-Blanc).
Mboudour Diouf (Poitiers University, EIEA Chair Mines Paris PSL-UM6P), Alpha Ly (University Paris Dauphine and UM6P, joint with Climate Economics Chaire and Chaire EIEA), Chloé Saurel (University Paris 2).
This axis is developed in collaboration with the chair Climate Economics and the chair Economie industrielle de l’émergence en Afrique.
In this study, we analyse how access to electricity affects children’s well-being in Rwanda through the allocation of their time in the different activities of domestic production and their leisure time.
Experimental economics offers the possibility to study the behavior of economic agents in ideal conditions, as it allows for the complete control of the environment of participants. This thesis presents results from several field experiments, as well as their contributions to the literature.
In this paper, we show that the adoption by the regulator of measures such as the automatic tariff adjustment mechanism or cost reflectivity allows the mitigation of currency and inflation risks on the evolution of installed capacity in the 54 African countries over the period 1990-2019.
This paper studies energy demand determinants and energy poverty in Morocco and assess to which extent the adoption of PV panels could help achieve a just energy transition.
The objective of this paper is to analyze the link between electrification and deforestation in Cote d'Ivoire. Our results show a positive link. Indeed, deforestation continues to gain ground in the country alongside the vast national electrification access programs ongoing since 2011.
Developing countries are advancing towards universal energy access with high fertility rates and young population. Socio-demographic and economic evolutions will influence future energy consumption patterns. Herein, we use Mexico as a case study to estimate determinants of residential electricity consumption as well as the importance that a shift in generational preferences has on such...
This paper investigate in particular how child labor varies depending on the nature of electricity supply and the electrical appliances used in the household. We find that the employment probability of children from electrified households is lower than that of children living in non-electrified households only when the household combines grid access and a generator as sources...
Despite recent progress, energy poverty remains pervasive in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). This challenge is generally more severe in rural areas. However, rapid urbanization adds...
This paper investigates a case in which, on paper, the green lights were everywhere. Yet after more than 10 years of existence, the program remains in a stalemate status.The paper identifies three main organiszational barriers.
This paper examines the cost competitiveness of an extra-large-scale (275,000 m3/d) solar-powered desalination, taking as a case study the Chtouka Ait Baha plant in Morocco.
Find the program and the report of the international conference "Energy to Empower Emerging Africa" held in Morocco on 5 and 6 March 2020.
Pioneer investigations of the economic consequences of ethnic diversity – a ubiquitous feature of African societies – found a strong and negative correlation. The...
Is electricity a vehicle of children and women empowerment in poor rural areas of the developing world? In this paper we approach the question...
This article identifies supply and demand shocks in the oil and gas market using monthly data (from January 2008 to December 2021) and explores their impact on clean energy stock returns in Europe. Our results show that a negative gas supply shock positively affects clean energy stocks, while a negative shock in global oil supply does not have...