Research Fellows

Shaky foundations: Central bank independence in the 21st century

Central bank independence (CBI) has often been presented as a superior institutional arrangement demonstrated by economists in the 1980s for achieving a common good in a non-partisan manner. In this article, we argue that this view must be challenged.

International Conference: Innovation and climate change governance

Innovation is key for the energy transition as it allows to reduce the cost of existing low-carbon technologies and to develop new clean technologies...  

Credit Risk Sensitivity to Carbon Price

Based on the 2018 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change scenarios, this article studies the credit risk sensitivity of 795 international companies to carbon prices.

Winners and Losers of the COVID-19 Pandemic: An Excess Profits Tax Proposal

This paper studies the gains and losses incurred during the COVID-19 pandemic. A comparison between the gains and losses triggered by both the pandemic and the lockdown indicates that an excess profits tax imposed on the ‘winners’ could partly compensate the ‘losers’ of the same sector.

Enhancing financial transparency to mitigate climate change: Towards a Climate Risks and Opportunities Reporting Index

Using the IPCC (2018) medium (2024) and long-term (2060) scenarios, this study analyzes the credit risk sensitivity of 763 international companies.

Financing green mobility Is it enough and where does it go?

On Dec 9-10, 2021, the annual International Conference on Mobility Challenges provided an outstanding opportunity to bring together researchers, industry experts and policy makers to discuss these issues. This note gives a summary of the debate.

Why local initiatives for the energy transition should coordinate. The case of cities for fuel cell buses in Europe

Article accepted in the Revue d’Economie Industrielle Hydrogen is a possible alternative to the internal combustion engine, alongside battery-powered vehicles, in the context of reducing greenhouse...  

The climate consistency goal and the transformation of global finance

In this article, we build on four methods to show that Art. 2.1(c) of the Paris Agreement comprises a new meaning of ‘finance’ under the United Nations negotiations. Implementation of Art. 2.1(c) requires engagement by governments and non-state actors, including the financial sector. 

Heterogenous effects of rural electrification on child labor in Nigeria

This paper investigate in particular how child labor varies depending on the nature of electricity supply and the electrical appliances used in the household. We find that the employment probability of children from electrified households is lower than that of children living in non-electrified households only when the household combines grid access and a generator as sources of electricity.

International Conference: Innovation and climate change governance

Guy MeunierJean-Pierre PonssardSectoral PoliciesComments Off on International Conference: Innovation and climate change governance

The objective of the conference is to improve our understanding of the interaction between climate and innovation policies in this multi-layer governance landscape by bringing together scholars in economics working on innovation policies, international environmental agreements, and environmental federalism.