Article published in Energy Policy – Volume 135 (Dec 2019)
Brazil has achieved significant advances in climate mitigation by reducing its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the last decade. Additionally, Brazil commits to furthering its actions through the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC), issued during the Paris Agreement. The country also anticipates a significant increase in GDP in the years to come. Chen et al. (2012)’s main conclusion was that if deforestation were to be greatly reduced, the burden of cutting CO2 emissions from energy use and industrial processes would be minimal. However, recent data on land-use emissions show that additional efforts might also be required in the energy sector. Using Brazil’s industrial structure, we evaluate the minimal changes needed in domestic final demand to meet both the NDC target and the forecasted economic growth. Our results show that it may be possible to meet both objectives with policies that incentivize a service-oriented economy while lowering investments in the manufactuing and extracting sectors. Furthermore, this strategy could be net job-creating, would rely on fewer imported products, and would generate tax revenue. However, wages could decrease.
This paper analyses the drivers of French transport CO2 emissions over the period 1960-2017. A decomposition analysis is used to evaluate the relative contribution of five key drivers of passenger and freight transports emissions: transport demand, modal shift, vehicle load factor, energy efficiency and carbon intensity of the energy.
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