Article published in La Revue des Sciences de Gestion 2018/1-2 (N° 289-290), pages 77 à 89
This article seeks to investigate whether the fair value accounting may have short-termist bias on the financing of long-term investment. We studied the responses to the consultation on European funding and long-term investment. This study reveals that a majority of respondents consider Fair value accounting as a short-term approach and highlights three negative impacts on long-term activities of banking and non-financial intermediaries (institutional investors): the introduction of more volatility in the financial statements (balance sheet and income statement); short-termist behavior and procyclicality in decision making of investors and managers. It also identifies six different alternatives, including five within the accounting technique including the creation of an accounting category for representing long-term investments by taking into account the horizon of assets holding.
This paper analyses the drivers of French transport CO2 emissions over the period 1960-2017. A decomposition analysis is used to evaluate the relative contribution of five key drivers of passenger and freight transports emissions: transport demand, modal shift, vehicle load factor, energy efficiency and carbon intensity of the energy.
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