Article publié dans The International Journal of Hydrogen Energy (24/12/16)
The paper provides a cost benefit analysis of one of the most prominent Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle deployment project in France, taking place in Normandy.
The project builds on the substitution of a diesel Kangoo by an electric Kangoo ZE with a fuel cell range extender for public fleets. The sustainability of the scenario as it is envisioned today is questioned. A second scenario is explored. It builds on a more aggressive investment in infrastructure so as to generate a higher market share for FCEV, including long range vehicles and buses on top of light duty vehicles. It is shown that the resulting higher consumption of hydrogen would be a strong lever to reduce the cost of hydrogen refuelling stations as well as the transportation cost of hydrogen that would now be associated with on-site hydrogen production. This scenario may require a higher level in public funds at the early deployment phase but would deliver much better chances to achieve sustainability.
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