Better safe than sorry: macroprudential policy, Covid 19 and climate change

The crisis of 2007-2008 called for a renewal of banking regulation that took the shape of a shift toward macroprudential policy. However, a comprehensive assessment of the current state of financial regulation reveals that this shift is incomplete. In particular, the notion of risk that lies at the heart of the Basel framework is still blind to extreme events. Climate risk and pandemic risk fall into this category. The purpose of this article is twofold. On the one hand, we point out why current banking regulation is not adequate to face risks whose origin is grounded outside financial markets – as is the case for both the pandemic and the climate risk – on the other hand, we offer avenues for reforming macroprudential regulation in a way that would allow to take those risk into account.