The French National Debate on the Ecological Transition has revealed various major issues related to the implementation of the energy transition, among which the questions of identifying relevant transition pathways. The work undertaken by the Experts Committee has established several transition paths, depending on : (i) the evolution of energy demand level, (ii) the penetration of new uses (behaviors and technologies), (iii) the nature of the proposed energy mix and the speed of implementation these changes by 2050.
The purpose of this Chair is to lead collaborative academic research in order to bring powerful insights on innovative funding schemes dedicated to the energy transition (financial engineering and regulatory issues) as well as to provide relevant tools both macro and micro-economic models to assess their associated performances.
This paper analyses the drivers of French transport CO2 emissions over the period 1960-2017. A decomposition analysis is used to evaluate the relative contribution of five key drivers of passenger and freight transports emissions: transport demand, modal shift, vehicle load factor, energy efficiency and carbon intensity of the energy.
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